Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is a hormone produced primarily

People who wish to try carnitine will need to use at least 500 milligrams (mg) or more several times daily, with some studies using 5 g to 6 g (5000 mg – 6000 mg) or more, daily.

Carnitine is a very safe supplement with no known toxic effects, which

Although it may very well have po- tential health benefits in certain people, carnitine’s performance im- proving and “fat burning” abilities buy hgh are questionable until more research

is carried out.”

DHEA hormone

is why it is often found as an ingredient in weight loss formulas.

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People would be wise however to check the dose in such formulas as higher doses are clearly needed for any effect.

For general health and other uses, carnitine gets a thumbs up, but for building muscle it gets a thumbs down. For possibly over the counter how does androgel affect an athletes health improving endurance, it may be worth a try, albeit an expensive try if you follow the doses used in the studies.

To discuss Carnitine further, you can post in the Members’ Area.

DHEA hormone


Askew EW, Dohm GL, Weiser PC, et al. Supplemental dietary carnitine and lipid metabolism in exercising rats. Nutr Metab. 1980;24(1):32-42.

Giamberardino MA, Dragani L, Valente R, et al. Effects of prolonged L- carnitine administration on delayed muscle pain and CK release after ec- centric effort. Int J Sports Med. 1996 Jul;17(5):320-4

Gorostiaga EM, Maurer CA, Eclache JP. Decrease in respiratory quotient during exercise following L-carnitine supplementation. Int J Sports Med. 1989 Jun;10(3):169-74.

Kraemer WJ, Volek JS, French DN, et al. The effects of L-carnitine L-tar- trate supplementation on hormonal responses to resistance exercise and recovery. J Strength Cond Res. 2003 Aug;17(3):455-62.

Soop M, Bjorkman O, Cederblad G, et al. Influence of carnitine supple- mentation on muscle substrate and carnitine metabolism during exercise. J Appl Physiol. 1988 Jun;64(6):2394-9.

Vecchiet L, Di Lisa F, Pieralisi G et al. Influence of L-carnitine adminis- tration on maximal physical exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 1990;61(5-6):486-90.

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What is it?

Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is a hormone produced primarily in the adrenal glands with minor amounts produced by the testes. It is found in both men and women.

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DHEA is the most abundant steroid hormone in the human body, and like all steroid hormones, ultimately comes from choles- terol. Most DHEA in the body is found as DHEA-sulfate (DHEA-S).

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DHEA is a major precursor to other steroid hormones, which is why some companies market it as a “muscle builder.”

What is it supposed to do?

DHEA is marketed as being helpful for just about every human ailment from memory loss to heart disease to immune enhancement to weight loss, and more.

What does the research have to say?

DHEA consistently makes rodents such as mice and rats lose weight.

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In red- eyed rodents (i.e. mice and rats), DHEA causes many biochemical changes that just don’t seem to happen in people, showing just how different rats and people can be.

In people, the research has been far less impressive. Several studies sex steroids eleos crossfit using over 1500 mg per day of DHEA showed either no effects or short-lived ef- fects on body composition in humans.

One early study found 1600 mg per day of DHEA (a very high dose of DHEA) reduced body fat and increased muscle mass in men, with later studies done by the same group and others failing to find that effect. Another study conducted in 1999 confirmed that supplementation of 150 mg/day DHEA for 8 weeks, in combination with a resistance training program had no effect on testosterone levels, strength, or lean mass in younger men.

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This result was echoed by a different research group, that found 100 mg/ day DHEA resulted in small, non-significant increases in strength and lean mass in middle-aged, strength-training men over a 12 week period.

Some studies in people using DHEA have shown slight increases in tes- tosterone and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) levels, but most studies – such as the one cited above – have found minimal effect in younger people. On the other hand, older people – particularly post-menopausal women

– tend to show more improvement with DHEA supplementation.

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One re- cent study found that DHEA therapy enhanced the improvements seen with strength training with older adults. The researchers concluded:

“DHEA alone Where To Buy Legal Steroids? – – credit for 6 mo did not significantly increase strength or thigh muscle volume. However, DHEA therapy potentiated the effect of 4 mo. of weightlift- ing training on muscle strength…and on thigh muscle volume…Serum insulin- like growth factor concentration increased in response to DHEA replacement. This study provides evidence that DHEA replacement has the beneficial effect of enhancing the increases in muscle mass and strength induced by heavy re- sistance exercise in elderly individuals.”

The research showing health improvements, such as cognitive benefits, immune enhancement, stress reduction, and anti-cancer benefits, is also compelling.

What does the real world have to say?

I have known many people who genuinely felt DHEA helped them in many ways, including an improved feeling of well being, but none of them claimed to have lost any weight using it. In my personal experiences with people over the years, no one has gained muscle, increased strength, or lost injectable primobolan online in usa explained for for sale measurable amounts of body fat from the use of DHEA.


It’s well known that DHEA levels fall off as we age, and the research on health uses of DHEA justifies using small amounts to counter this age-re- lated drop off, or deficiencies from other causes.

As a muscle building supplement in young healthy athletes, DHEA is almost certainly worthless, and high intakes may in fact be counterproductive to gaining muscle.

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